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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2893\margr3447\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2893\margrsxn3447\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1566 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-12\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 72{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw5 THE PEOPLE : RELIGION}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi0\ri248\sb227\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 rated as compared with what it was in the Vedic age. \expndtw4 The custom \i of Satt is \i0 spoken of, and polygamy was \expndtw2 practised. Going out veiled, sometimes referred to, was \expndtw4 perhaps a court-custom. We also hear of \i Svayamvaras, \i0\expndtw3 i.e., self-selection of the bridegroom.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi468\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The bulk of the population lived in villages around \expndtw9 forts \i (durga\\ \i0 perhaps of mud, tending cattle and prac\-\expndtw12 tising agriculture.   In times of danger,  such as war \expndtw11 and cattle-lifting raids, they took shelter inside these \expndtw3 rude   defences.   The  villagers   were   autonomous    in \expndtw2 ordinary affairs, but the king\super c\nosupersub  as the overlord administer\-\expndtw5 ed justice and exacted taxes, which varied according to \expndtw13 need and were perhaps paid mostly in  kind.    Mer\-\expndtw6 chants and others dwelt in towns.   The former brought \expndtw8 goods from afar,   and paid customs  duties.    Towns\-\expndtw6 folk probably paid fines and taxes in money.    The use \expndtw4 of false-weights,   sometimes   alluded   to,   must   have \expndtw8 necessitated a careful supervision of the market-place \expndtw12 by the state.   The guilds of merchants  and  artisans \expndtw10 wielded great influence, and, next to the priests, their \expndtw3 heads \i (mahdjana) \i0 were the objects of royal attention and \expndtw-4 solicitude.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li76\fi0\ri76\sb43\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The people were addicted to eating meat and drink-\super\expndtw6 m\nosupersub\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0  ^toxicating liquors, although vegetarianism was gradually gaining ground on account of the doctrine of \expndtw2 stressed by the best minds of ancient tirnes.\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li97\fi0\ri0\sb79\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex131\expndtw-9\f3\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 (/)}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1030\fi-493\ri0\sb263\sa0\sl-234\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 \'99\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0  \super C\nosupersub  \i 7%*^ \i0\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'b0\super\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 f\nosupersub  \super the\nosupersub  \super striki\nosupersub *g phenomena of Nature \super\expndtw-2 ft\nosupersub  \super\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ar\nosupersub\sub u\nosupersub\super behiad\nosupersub -   \super The\nosupersub  Vedic deities had yielded \expndtw15 <? \super the\nosupersub\sub x\nosupersub ?\super ltof\nosupersub the Hindu Trinity-Brahma, \expndtw7 ? \i\expndtw192 t^\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'99\expndtw7\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0  \i0\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a3\'b0\super\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ds\nosupersub  \super and\nosupersub  goddesses, like  Surya}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li119\fi1782\ri0\sb205\sa0\sl-137\slmult0\tx2376 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw12\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 ta\super rg\nosupersub |r \super at\nosupersub\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'b0\super\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 Se\nosupersub > 4\super d\nosupersub  ^ \super beCaW\nosupersub  \super a\nosupersub  \super P\nosupersub\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'b0\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ?\super U\nosupersub "\line \expndtw-5 ettablwWn^rii:{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\super\expndtw8 Vl?\nosupersub ^\super u\nosupersub  \i\super took\nosupersub  \i0\super on\nosupersub  incarnation   for}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li119\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-137\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 establishing righteousness on earth. Along with this, the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li472\fi0\ri0\sb205\sa0\tx1645 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-13\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1\nosupersub  \super c\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a3{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw-2\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 Upmisad, \i0 III, \sub I?j\nosupersub    .}\par }